About Kos ............Visiting and Holidaying on the Greek Island of Kos............ Kos Town


Kos Flag Kos Harbor Kos Town Kos Harbor Kos Town Arch Kos Castle

Kos Town

Kos Town the capital of the Island of Kos, the town as it is today was founded in 366 BC, and was built when governance of Kos was transferred from Astypalaia. It's position on the eastern side of the island gave it an important role during the Hellenistic and Roman periods, as the crossroads between Eastern and Western civilisation for both culture and trade. Kos Town became an important trading post with its market achieving great notoriety during the period and considered by historians to have been one of the biggest in the ancient world.
Kos accepted the Roman occupation without resistance, becoming part of the pro-consular Province of Asia. As can be seen by the large number of Roman excavations, ruins, and artistic monuments, Kos Town became an important area for them. Kos became renowned for its production of wines and silks especially light semi-transparent silk dresses called 'Coae vestes'




Kos Town

From the harbour front you can not fail to see the striking remains of the castle of Neratzia ('Kos Castle') overlooking the port. The 14th century fortification was built by the Knights of the Order of St. John both to protect the town and in conjunction with Bodrum castle in Turkey, gave the Knights control of the shipping channel between the island of Kos and Aisa Minor. The location of Kos Castle had previously been the site of fortification in the 12th century BC, and 11th century AD. Remnants of the some of the old fortifications can still be seen when you visit. Just south of the castle, as you travel over the bridge into the town is the Hippocrates Plane Tree, reputed to be the oldest tree in Europe, it is said to be the tree under which Hippocrates taught his students. Unfortunately the age of the tree makes this exceedingly unlikely, however it could well be a descendant of the original.
South of the tree is the excavation of the Ancient Agora of Kos, where a number of temples, baths, and houses have been unearthed.

Kos Town

Today Kos Town is a vibrant busy city, providing employment for many of the islands permanent population. A popular tourist destination for day visitors from Turkey and other areas of the island, the town can get very busy, getting seated in one of the squares restaurants can be difficult, but if you can they are ideal for a lunchtime snack.