About Kos ............Visiting and Holidaying on the Greek Island of Kos...... Kos Archaeology



Kos Temple of Apollo2 Kos Temple of Asklepeion Asklepeion_terrace Asklepeion asklepeion2 Pan

Kos Archaeology

Kos Island has a great number of historical sites, with many dating back more than 3000 years. Most of the larger well known sites can be found toward the eastern end of the island in or near Kos Town.
Access to the historical sites is generally either free or inexpensive (3 to 4 euro), but many are not well looked after, with little if any information available. In most cases to get the most from the site visitors really need to be independently mobile, wheelchair access is at best limited, if not impossible on the smaller sites.
The Asklepieion is without doubt the best known, and most important monument on Kos. Famous as the center of medicine for the ancient world, it is the origin of the Hippocratic Oath, being both the school in which Hippocrates was both taught and later trained his own students.
In Kos Town archaeological monuments include the Castle of the Order of the Knights of St.John on the harbour front, the Ancient Market (Agora), Gymnasium of Xystos and the Plane Tree of Hippocrates, as well as numerous other sites.




Ancient Kos

The largest excavation in Kos Town is called the "Western Excavations", although other remains can be found scattered throughout the town. Archaeological sites in Kos Town are divided into three zones.
The eastern zone includes the Venetian Castle of the Knights and the Old Agora, the ancient market place of Kos Town.
The Western zone includes the Hellenistic Gymnasium (Xisto), the Western Baths,the sanctuary of the Nymphs latterly identified as a very luxurious lavatory rather than a sanctuary, a mosaic floor depicting “The kidnapping of Europe” by Zeus ( a Bull ), Slinou’s house, the mosaic of Parido’s judgment, and two old Christian basilicas.
The Central zone, is home to the Casa Romana a third century large Roman villa, itself built on top of an earlier Hellenistic villa and ruins of the second century Temple of Dionysus.
Most ruins are free admission apart from the Villa and Castle and all worth a visit. Don't expect too much though the sites are not well looked after nor is there a great deal of information available.

Kos  Ruins

The Ancient Town (Agora) is the largest single excavated site of ancient Kos Town, it is entered from a small tree lined lane that runs beside the site toward the harbour, the lane is accesses through a decorative archway known as "The Tax Inspector's Gate" on the southern side of Eleftherias square. During the summer months this picturesque gate is covered with brilliant purple floral bracts of the Bougainvillaea.